What is Endometriosis? Causes, Symptoms and Facts

Endometriosis is a gynecological condition in which cells from the lining of the uterus (endometrium) appear and flourish outside the uterine cavity, most commonly on the membrane which lines the abdominal cavity, the peritoneum. The uterine cavity is lined with endometrial cells, which are under the influence of female hormones.

Who gets Endometriosis?

The exact number of women who develop endometriosis isn’t known. This is because lots of women have endometriosis without signs, or with mild signs, and are never clinically determined. Investigations to diagnose endometriosis are only done if symptoms become troublesome and therefore are not eased by first treatments.

What are the causes of Endometriosis?

The exact cause is just not known. It is thought that some cells through the womb (uterus) lining (the endometrium) get away from uterus into the pelvic region. They get there by spilling backwards across the Fallopian tubes for those who have a period.endometriosis-1

The ‘spilt’ endometrial cells then continue to survive next to your uterus, ovary, bladder, digestive tract, or Fallopian tube. The cells respond to the female hormone oestrogen, just as the lining of the uterus does month after month. Throughout each month your cells multiply and swell, and then break down almost like ready to be shed during your period. However, because they are trapped inside the pelvic region, they cannot escape. That they form patches of tissues called endometriosis.


Some of the other possible causes of Endometriosis Includes:

Endometrial tissue transport. The blood vessels or maybe tissue fluid (lymphatic) technique may transport endometrial cells to other body parts.

Immune system disorder. It depends that a problem with all the immune system may make the entire body unable to recognize along with destroy endometrial tissue that’s growing outside the uterus.

Retrograde menstruation. This can be the most likely explanation for endometriosis. In retrograde menstruation, menstrual blood containing endometrial cells flows back from the fallopian tubes and in to the pelvic cavity instead of out of the body. These displaced endometrial cells stay with the pelvic walls along with surfaces of pelvic organs, where they grow and keep thicken and bleed over each menstrual cycle.


Embryonic Cell growth. The cells lining this abdominal and pelvic cavities originated from embryonic cells. When several small areas of the abdominal lining turn into endometrial tissue, endometriosis can easily develop.

Surgical scar implantation. From a surgery, such as some sort of hysterectomy or C-section, endometrial cells may attach to a surgical incision.

Common signs and symptoms of endometriosis might include:

Painful periods (dysmenorrhea). Pelvic pain and cramping can start before and extend various days into your period and may include lower back as well as abdominal pain.

Pain during Sexual intercourse. Pain during or after sex is normal with endometriosis.

Pain during urination. You’re almost certainly to experience these symptoms during your period.

Excessive bleeding. Chances are you’ll experience occasional heavy cycles (menorrhagia) or bleeding in between periods (menometrorrhagia).

Infertility. Endometriosis is first diagnosed in a few women who are seeking treatment for infertility.

So how exactly does endometriosis progress?

If endometriosis is left without proper treatment, it becomes worse in about 4 in 10 cases. It gets better without treatment in about 3 within 10 cases. For the rest it stays a comparable. Endometriosis is not some sort of cancerous condition.

See your doctor if you have signs and symptoms that may indicate endometriosis. The cause of chronic or severe pelvic pain may be difficult to pinpoint. But discovering the problem early may help you avoid unnecessary complications and pain.

1 Comment
  1. Adedeji Adewale. says

    Well done! Good article! Good job!

Leave A Reply

Your email address will not be published.

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

This website uses cookies to improve your experience. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. Accept Read More