What is Preeclampsia? Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

What is Preeclampsia?

Formerly called toxemia, preeclampsia is often a condition that pregnant women develop. It is marked simply by high blood pressure plus a high level of protein inside urine. Preeclamptic women will frequently also have swelling inside feet, legs, and palms. This condition usually appears through the second half of having a baby, often in the latter perhaps the second or in your third trimesters, although it may appear earlier.

If undiagnosed, preeclampsia can cause eclampsia, a serious condition that will put you and childbirth at risk, and inside rare cases, cause death. Women with preeclampsia with seizures are considered to get eclampsia.

There’s no way to cure preeclampsia, and that may be a scary prospect pertaining to moms-to-be. But you can help protect yourself by mastering the symptoms of preeclampsia and by seeing your medical professional for regular prenatal treatment. When preeclampsia is grabbed early, it’s easier to regulate.

What causes Preeclampsia?

The exact causes regarding preeclampsia and eclampsia — a direct result a placenta that will not function properly — are not yet known, although some analysts suspect poor nutrition, high excess fat, or insufficient blood flow towards the uterus as possible reasons. Genetics plays a part, as well.

Who Are at Risk for Preeclampsia?

Preeclampsia is quite often seen in first-time a pregnancy, in pregnant teens, as well as in women over 40. Other risk factors incorporate:

  • A history of high blood pressure before pregnancy
  • A history regarding preeclampsia
  • Having a mommy or sister who got preeclampsia
  • A history regarding obesity
  • Carrying more than one baby
  • History regarding diabetes, kidney disease, lupus, or rheumatoid arthritis symptoms symptoms

Symptoms of Preeclampsia

Preeclampsia Treatment

Symptoms of preeclampsia normally include:

  • Swelling of the palms and face/eyes (edema)
  • Unexpected weight gain over 1-2 days, more than 2 pounds 7 days
  • Note: Some swelling in the feet and ankles is considered normal during pregnancy.
  • Symptoms of severe preeclampsia consist of:
  • Headache that does not disappear completely
  • Belly pain on the correct side, below the ribs. Pain may also be felt in the suitable shoulder, and can end up being confused with heartburn, gallbladder soreness, a stomach virus, or the newborn kicking
  • Irritability
  • Decreased urine productivity, not urinating very generally
  • Nausea and vomiting (worrisome sign)
  • Perspective changes, including temporary blindness, seeing flashing lights as well as spots, sensitivity to light-weight, and blurry vision.

What is the possible treatment of preeclampsia?

The only way to cure preeclampsia is to deliver the baby.

If your baby is developed enough (usually thirty seven weeks or later), your medical professional may want your baby to become delivered so the preeclampsia doesn’t get worse. You may receive medicines to help you trigger labor, or you need a c-section.


If your baby is just not fully developed and you might have mild preeclampsia, the disease is usually managed at home until your baby has a good probability of surviving after delivery. The doctor will probably recommend:

  • Your bed rest, lying on your remaining side most or every time
  • Drinking plenty of drinking water
  • Eating less salt
  • Frequent doctor visits to make sure you and your baby are profiting
  • Medicines to lower the blood pressure (sometimes)

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