What you need to know about Hepatitis B

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You may have heard of hepatitis A, Hepatitis B and C, but many people are not sure what it is. Hepatitis B is a potentially life-threatening liver infection caused to the hepatitis B virus. It is a major global medical condition. It can cause persistent liver disease and persistent infection and puts people at risk of death from cirrhosis in the liver and liver cancer.

Three kinds of hepatitis virus can become sexually transmitted. The type of hepatitis most probably be sexually transmitted is hepatitis B (HBV). Hepatitis B is actually spread through semen, genital fluids, blood, and urine.

The hepatitis B virus can survive outside the body for at least seven days. During this time, the virus can still cause infection if it enters the body of a person who is not protected by the vaccine.

hepatitis B diagram
hepatitis B diagram

What are the symptoms of Hepatitis B?

Because hepatitis B often doesn’t have symptoms, most people are not aware they have the infection.  When hepatitis B symptoms do occur, they usually appear between six weeks and six months after infection.

When Hepatitis symptoms do develop, the one most likely to happen first are

  • More severe abdominal soreness
  • Dark urine
  • Pale-colored bowel movements
  • Jaundice — yellowing with the skin and eyes
  • Extreme low energy
  • Tenderness and pain in the lower abdomen
  • Loss regarding appetite
  • Nausea, vomiting
  • Pain in the joints
  • Headache
  • Fever

How to diagnosed Hepatitis B

On clinical grounds, it’s not possible to differentiate hepatitis B from hepatitis caused by other viral agents along with; hence, laboratory confirmation with the diagnosis is essential. Several blood tests are available to diagnose and monitor individuals with hepatitis B. They enable you to distinguish acute and chronic infections.

Hepatitis B Treatment

Treatment for chronic hepatitis B infection

If you’ve been told they have chronic hepatitis B contamination, your doctor may advise:
Antiviral medications. Antiviral medications help fight the herpes virus and slow its capacity to damage your liver. Several medications can be found. Your doctor can suggest which medications could be most appropriate for you.

Treatment for acute hepatitis B infection

If your doctor can determine your hepatitis B contamination is acute — meaning it really is short-lived and will go away without attention — you may not need treatment. Instead, your doctor will work to reduce any warning signs you experience while your body fights the infection. Your doctor may advise follow-up blood tests to ensure the virus has left your body.

Liver transplant.
If your liver may be severely damaged, a liver transplant could be an option. During any liver transplant, the surgeon removes ones damaged liver and replaces it using a healthy liver.

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  1. Harleena Singh says

    Hi Temilola,

    Informative post indeed 🙂

    I know that Hepatitis B is a dreaded disease because my Mom had it when she was suffering from cancer. I think that was one reason no one wanted to touch her nor operate upon her as she was ailing from Hepatitis that time. Of course, there are cures for it, but if it reaches a worse stage and care isn’t taken, it can harm you a great deal.

    Thanks for sharing. Have a nice week ahead 🙂

  2. Nosna E Nosa says

    You are well grounded in this. Hepatitis B is a dreaded disease that people have left to change, as a microbiologist, the consequences of not having medical checkups can really be alarming.

    These symptoms are all what makes Hepatitis B extremely evil. You have said it all, the treatment is just what is necessary. Thanks for your life saving tips.

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