What is Bipolar Disorder?
Bipolar disorder, also known by the older name “manic depression, ” is a mental disorder that’s characterized by serious mood swings. A person with bipolar condition experiences alternating “highs” (what physicians call “mania“) and “lows” (also generally known as depression).
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Both the manic and depressive periods can be brief, from just a period of time to a few days, or longer, lasting as much as several weeks or actually months. The periods of mania along with depression vary from one individual to another — many people may well only experience very brief periods of these intense moods, and may not even bear in mind that they have bipolar condition.
What are the causes of Bipolar Disorder
While we don’t yet know exactly what causes bipolar disorder, we do know that it appears to have primarily biological underpinnings. However, its onset is often linked with a stressful life celebration.
People with bipolar disorder could have physical changes into their brains. The significance these changes is still uncertain but may eventually assist pinpoint causes.
An imbalance in by natural means occurring brain chemicals called neurotransmitters usually play a significant role in bipolar disorder and other mood disorders.
Imbalanced hormones can be involved in causing or even triggering bipolar disorder.
Numerous studies of bipolar individuals and their relatives have demostrated that bipolar disorder can easily run in families. Probably the most convincing data result from twin studies. In studies of identical twins, scientists report if one identical twin provides bipolar disorder, the other twin features a greater chance of building bipolar disorder than another sibling within the family. Researchers conclude how the lifetime chance of the identical twin (of a bipolar twin) in order to also develop bipolar disorder is all about 40% to 70%.
In more studies at Johns Hopkins University, researchers interviewed all first-degree relatives of patients with bipolar I and bipolar II disorder and concluded that bipolar II disorder was the most common affective disorder in both family sets.
Stress, abuse, significant loss or different traumatic experiences may be involved in bipolar disorder.
For women who are genetically or otherwise biologically predisposed to developing bipolar disorder, the postnatal period can coincide with a first episode of bipolar disorder. Read about treatments for bipolar disorder during pregnancy.
Medical illness is not a cause of bipolar problem, but in some occasions can cause symptoms that is certainly confused with mania or even hypomania. Some medications and certain illicit stimulant drugs can also cause manic and hypomanic signs or symptoms.