What is Carpal tunnel syndrome? Symptoms, causes and treatment

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Carpal tunnel syndrome is a hand and arm condition that causes numbness, tingling and other symptoms. Carpal tunnel syndrome is caused by a pinched nerve in your wrist.

What on earth is carpal tunnel syndrome?

Carpal tunnel syndrome occurs when your median nerve, which runs in the forearm into the palm in the hand, becomes pressed or squeezed with the wrist. The median nerve controls sensations on the palm side of your thumb and fingers, as well as impulses with small muscles in the hand that enable the fingers and thumb to relocate.

Have you read? Sinusitis (Sinus Infection): Causes and Symptoms

The carpal tunnel – a narrow, rigid passageway of ligament and bones at the base of the hand – houses the median nerve and tendons. Sometimes, thickening from irritated tendons or other swelling narrows the tunnel and causes the median nerve to be compressed. The result can be pain, weakness, or numbness inside hand and wrist, radiating in the arm. Although painful sounds may indicate other conditions, carpal tunnel syndrome is the most common and widely known in the entrapment neuropathies that the body’s peripheral nerves are compressed or traumatized.

What are the causes of Carpal tunnel syndrome?

Carpal tunnel syndrome occurs as a result of compression of the median nerve.

The median nerve runs from the forearm through a passageway inside your wrist (carpal tunnel) to your hand. It provides sensation for the palm side of your own thumb and fingers, with the exception of your little finger. In addition, it provides nerve signals to relocate the muscles around the bottom of your thumb

Generally, anything that crowds, irritates or compresses the median nerve inside the carpal tunnel space can result in carpal tunnel syndrome. For example, a wrist fracture can narrow the carpal tube and irritate the neural, as can the swelling and inflammation caused by rheumatoid arthritis.

Don’t forget to read What you need to know about Arthritis

In quite a few cases, no single cause is usually identified. It may be that a combination of risk factors contributes for the development of the situation.

Some of the other causes of Carpal tunnel syndrome are:

Injuries

Bone dislocations and bone injuries can narrow the carpal tube and put pressure around the median nerve.

It Ruins in Genes

CTS is of a family history of the particular disorder. Certain physical characteristics or medical conditions that are associated having CTS also run with families. Carpal tunnel syndrome in young people most likely has any genetic component.

Other genetic factors that may contribute to this disorder include abnormalities using some genes that regulate myelin, any fatty substance that insulates neural fibers.

  • Certain medical conditions, such as diabetes along with an under-active thyroid gland
  • Maternity
  • Certain injuries to the particular wrist
  • Hormonal Modifications
  • Certain activities

How do carpal tunnel syndromes become prevented?

At the office, workers can do on-the-job treatment, perform stretching exercises, carry frequent rest breaks, wear splints to maintain wrists straight, and utilize correct posture and wrist position. Wearing fingerless gloves may help keep hands warm along with flexible.

carpal tunnel syndrome 1

Do you know the symptoms of carpal tunnel syndrome?

Symptoms usually begin gradually, with frequent burning, tingling, or itching numbness within the palm of the hand and also the fingers, especially the thumb and also the index and middle finger. Some carpal tunnel patients say their fingers sense useless and swollen, even though little if any swelling is apparent.

The symptoms often first can be found in one or both hands at night time, since many people sleep with flexed wrists. A person with carpal tunnel syndrome may wake up feeling the desire to “shake out” the hand or wrist. As signs or symptoms worsen, people might feel tingling during the day.

Decreased grip strength could make it difficult to style a fist as you want , grasp smaller objects, or perform additional manual tasks.

When to see a doctor

If you have persistent warning signs suggestive of carpal tunnel syndrome, especially if they hinder your normal activities and sleep patterns, see your doctor. If you leave the illness untreated, permanent nerve and muscle damage may appear, and am sure you wont want that to happen

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